French prepositions with countries

  • french prepositions with countries 70 / french country prepositions  50
  • french geographical prepositions 50
  • french prepositions of location 70

Prepositions with Geographical Names
a`
With names of places a` can mean in, at, or to a place.
The preposition a` is used before the names of most cities.
Il va a` Paris. He is going to Paris.
Elle est a` Gene` ve. She is in Geneva.
The names of some cities contain a definite article: a` la is used before feminine names and au is
used before masculine names.
Elle va a` la Havane. She goes to Havana.
Ils ont de´barque´ au Havre. They landed in Le Havre.
The preposition a` is also used with masculine names of some small islands. Before feminine names
of a few small islands the definite article la is included before the name.
a` Chypre
a` Cuba
a` Haı¨ti
a` Madagascar

 

a` la Guadeloupe
a` la Martinique
a` la Re´union
See also en below.
One always says en route pour or passer par with the name of a place. One can use pour after the
verb partir, but more often a`, en and vers replace pour.
En route pour Marseille, elle s’est arreˆte´e a` Lyon.
On the way to Marseille, she stopped in Lyon.
Elles ont passe´ par l’Allemagne et la France.
They passed through Germany and France.
Je suis parti a` (pour) la Martinique.
I left for Martinique.
en
The preposition en is used with names of feminine countries or continents. Almost all names of
countries ending in a mute e are feminine. (Exception: le Mexique.)
Je vais en France. I am going to France.
Nous irons en Afrique. We are going to Africa.
Nous sommes en Europe. We are in Europe.
With names of American states and Canadian provinces, en is used if the French form of the noun
ends in e or ie. It is also used with Ontario and Saskatchewan.
en Californie
en Pennsylvanie
en Floride
en Nouvelle-E´ cosse
en Colombie-Britannique
en Ontario
en Saskatchewan
But:
au Nouveau-Mexique
au Nouveau-Brunswick
a` Terre-Neuve Newfoundland
au Que´bec
au Manitoba
a` l’ıˆle-du-Prince-E´ douard
En is used before the names of some small islands.
en Corse
en Islande
en Nouvelle-Guine´e
en Sardaigne
See also a` p.73
au
The preposition au is used with masculine countries and means in or to.
Elle va au Mexique. She is going to Mexico.
Nous sommes au Canada. We are in Canada.

Elle va au Danemark. She is going to Denmark.
Il va au Portugal. He is going to Portugal.
The preposition aux is used with E´ tats-Unis since the word is plural.
New York est aux E´ tats-Unis.
New York is in the United States.
dans
The preposition dans (in, at, or to) is used before names of continents qualified by another
expression.
Nous irons dans I’Ame´rique du Sud.
We are going to South America.
In spoken language, en may be used with names of continents.
Nous allons en Ame´rique du Sud.
We are going to South America.
When the name of a city or country is accompanied by a complement or an adjective, dans le (l’, la,
les) is used instead of en.
J’aimerais vivre dans la France du XXIe sie` cle.
Nous allons voyager dans toute la France.
Ils vont dans l’Italie du Nord.
Dans le (l’) is used with masculine nouns of most French and Canadian provinces, and American
states.
Dans l’E´ tat de, dans la province de, dans le territoire de are also used.
dans le Vermont
dans le Colorado
dans l’E´ tat de Vermont
dans le territoire du Yukon
But:
au Nouveau-Mexique
au Nouveau-Brunswick
a` Terre-Neuve Newfoundland
au Que´bec
dans la province de Que´bec
de
De is used to mean from or of and is used many times without the definite article before the names
of feminine countries, provinces and states and masculine countries beginning with a vowel.
Il est de Paris. He is from Paris.
Elle revient d’Angleterre. She is coming back from England.
Il e´tudie l’histoire de France. He studies the history of France.
Je viens de Californie. I am coming from California.
But:
Paris est la capitale de la France.
Paris is the capital of France.

De is used to mean from or of and is used with the definite article before the names of masculine
countries, provinces or states except those beginning with a vowel.
J’ai envoye´ le paquet du Canada.
Elle vient des E´ tats-Unis.
Il vient du Que´bec.

 

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